One of 2018’s historic events is the peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea after a long and bloody war. This story explanations in part why Africa still struggling. In fact, the complexity of Africa’s many problems go back to one obvious reality: governance.
The peace deal between Ethiopia and Eritrea was made possible by the appointment of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed on April 2, 2018 to deal with a paralyzing political crisis that has been going on in Ethiopia for about three years. Based on his achievements since then, Prime Minister Abiy stands out as one of Africa’s change makers of 2018. Since taking office he has given back to the Ethiopian people their freedom of expression, assembly and media. He freed thousands prisoners and also ended the state of emergency. The traveled to Eritrea to meet with his counterpart President Isaias Afwerki to discuss ways to once again give peace a chance. In July the two leaders announced the end of the war between their respective nations.
However, Daniel Berhane, an Ethiopian political analyst interviewed by Mr. Eyder Parelta NPR’s East Africa correspondent based in Nairobi in Kenya, believes this peace agreement is premature because “the history between the countries runs too deep for changes like these to be made so quickly” and suggests that there have to be laws governing the agreement for the peace accord to be sustainable.
Simularly, Habtom Mesay, 26, told Peralta that he believes that the hostilities can possibly resume if the two governments start drawing boarders between the two countries. In fact, in 2000 the United Nations proposed a peace deal which included a recommendation to let the disputed town of Badme remain in Eritrea. It has been reported that Prime Minister Abiy of Ethiopia agreed to this recommendation before the two countries made peace. Read Eyder Parelta report